The Tutankhamun Mars Pectoral

Molten Mars Blasted by the Solar Wind


Tutankhamun’s Pectoral. A representation of a scorching hot molten Mars blasted by the solar wind while in close proximity to earth only a few thousand years ago

A Pectoral is a large piece of jewelry worn as a pendant across the breast or chest. The scarab pectoral above is approximately four inches wide and is one of nearly 150 protective amulets and artifacts buried with king Tutankhamun. It is made of gold and semi-precious stones and was wrapped up with Tutankhamun’s mummy. The pectoral consists of a bowl (or basket) and a blue scarab beetle with falcon wings supporting a red orb. The symbolism is said to derive from observations of the dung beetle (Scarabaeus sacer) rolling balls of dung (its food) across the ground and this resembled the sun being rolled across the sky. The scarab was accordingly embodied in the god Khepri, the god of the rising sun.

Some ‘glaring’ questions if the orb represents our Sun.


A nice sunny day

With a slight stretch of the imagination it might be possible to understand the scarab beetle sun association as accepted by most. However, the iconography raises some ‘glaring’ questions. The most obvious would be the presumed ‘sun’ orb held up by the beetle.

The sun is a blinding, golden-yellowish (if not near white) disk with emanating rays – a ball of golden glaring light (as image). It does not appear as a red disk with a prominent gold ring around it as also found emblazoned on many temple walls throughout the Nile Valley. The question I’ve asked many times; why represent the sun god par excellence with, what has to be a lifeless disk, when compared to that of Re’s true glaring form?

The sun can of course appear red at sunset and sunrise (due to dust in the atmosphere) but if there is an association here, then how do we explain the prominent gold rim? Moreover, if representing the sun on the horizon, then where are the ‘normal’ golden daytime suns? The fact is, Egyptian art reveals not one single golden glaring Sun with a complete 360° sweep of sun rays as you would expect… as yourself why? Ask a child to paint the Sun and they will paint a yellow circle with yellow sunrays. An adult would do the same. So what was different about the Egyptians?


The upside down dung beetle

Is the solar orb being rolled across the sky or carried in flight? If rolled, then the beetle is actually the wrong way up. Dung beetles have six legs and when pushing a dung ball around they stand on their heads using their front legs and use their hind legs to push the dung ball (as in the image).

Why the elaborate multi-coloured falcon wings? The wings give the impression of streaming or flowing out from the orb… why? Are we looking at a simple case of artist’s freedom or could it possible that Tutankhamun’s pectoral is close to an image actually seen in the skies of earth only a few thousand years ago.

Not the Sun!

Tut’s pectoral records just one of the many encounters between Mars and Earth.

The orthodox view that the sun is being represented here is totally incorrect. Even allowing for a little artistic licence our Sol looks nothing like this. The sun is a golden glaring orb – it does not grace our skies as a red disk with a golden ring, let alone being held up by a multi-coloured winged beetle.

Sun solar wind

Earth’s magnetosphere

What we have here is a molten Mars (god of war) appearing almost stationary on the eastern horizon in close proximity to Earth. The red disk signifies the incandescent body of Mars while the encircling gold ring represents a scorching hot atmosphere consisting largely of rock vapour (silica). This being the primary source of earth’s sandy deserts (see Extraterrestrial Sands). The winged beetle formed as the sun’s solar wind slammed into Mars stripping it of its once earth-like atmosphere (volatiles, dust and debris). The wings are the result of bow shock whereas the actual body of the beetle derived from glowing dust particles following the magnetic field lines once held by Mars. The basket or bowl at the bottom essentially represents earth (perceived flat earth) and completes the picture revealing that Martian dust and debris was seen to intermingle with that of earth’s atmosphere (earth ultimately gaining, especially water) during historical times.

What follows is a step by step explanation of the above in addition to the reason why the scarab pectoral was designed, crafted and manufactured for the Egypt’s most famous boy-king.

God king Scenario (GKS)

Planetary upheaval dominated the time of the godly pharaohs, indeed they were inexorably linked. The main perpetrators were Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon which entered into hundreds of close encounters with earth. They appeared to move back and forth to earth in a perennial cycle of death and rebirth – morphing from large stars (Osirians) to incandescent living red orbs (Horus incarnate) only to ‘mummify’ back again. A process presided over by many cosmogonical gods such as Ra, Isis, Horus, Osiris, Hathor, etc. To name but a few. A cyclical process that would see the same body named and renamed numerous times over.

Their names, more specifically titles, reach us in the form of Egypt’s divine monarchy. Ramesses which means “Born of Ra,” Seti “He of the god Seth,” Tuthmosis “Born of Thoth,” Amenhotep “Amun is Pleased,” Tutankhamun “Living image of Amun,” and Nefertiti “The Beautiful one has Arrived,” were just some of the titles given Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon as they reigned (literally) over earth as the falcon god Horus incarnate. In dominating earth’s skies a falcon bird of prey was naturally chosen.

These Horus bodies were in the second instance repeatedly paired with mortal humans who believed they were “at one” or the earthly manifestation of said bodies. Ancient people saw them as their ka or soul – a real physical ‘double’ they could see and associate with especially the royal family who were paired with the larger bodies. As resurrectionists the Egyptians believed that after death they would join with their astral double (ka) and provided they passed the test of maat (lived a good and just life), they would ultimately attain a life of immortality in the next world amongst the stars (Osirians). The idea of joining with one’s ‘soul’ after death present in most religions today – religious beliefs inspired by past events in the heavens.

It is the celestial kas of our ancient forebears that are responsible for a large part of ancient history. Their births, deaths, marriages, coronations, battles and interactions with sky gods are recorded on every tomb and temple wall the length and breadth of the Nile Valley. In an “as above, so below” situation, the same theme permeates all other co-existing cultures. (See ‘The Crux of the GKS – Egyptian Dualism‘)


Tutankhamun was just one of the many names given to Mars and the events surrounding the Horus/Mars/Tutankhamun body are documented via hieroglyphic inscriptions, the art and imagery – it is the very reason why they were deemed sacred.

Tutankhamun's painted chest

The sky battles of Tutankhamun/Mars

As odd as its sounds, Tut’s human counterpart played little part in the events recorded during his brief 17-year reign – they record celestial events. An example would be the boy king’s apparent battles with the Nubians and Asiatics as documented in his mortuary temple at Thebes and on the side of his painted wooden chest found in his tomb. As with all pharaonic battles (many hundreds) there exists no actual physical evidence to prove that they ever took place. This is because they are a time ordered account of wars in the heavens – they have nothing to with battles here on earth.

Tutankhamun’s Throne Name


Tutankhamun’s cartouche

The pectoral spells out Tutankhamun’s throne name Nebkheperure (Neb-Kheperu-Re) through the symbols: A basket (the segment shape at the bottom), neb, meaning ‘Lord’ (can also mean “all” or “everything,” see below), a scarab beetle (in the middle), kheperu, meaning ‘being’, ‘form’, or ‘manifestation,’ and the ‘sun’ (at the top), re, representing the sun god Re (or Ra). The same glyphs are present in Tutankhamun’s cartouche (image).

Essentially we have ‘lord,’ ‘manifestation(s)’ and ‘Re.’ Since the Egyptian language did not have written vowels this is often translated as ‘Lord of Manifestations is Re’ (ref) or ‘The Lordly Manifestation of Re’ (ref). Either interpretation can be explained in the context of the GKS.

Red orbed Horus bodies, offspring of Re, the red sun

Recent planetary upheaval gave rise to a solar system shrouded in countless tons of dust, gas and debris. This had a drastic effect on the appearance of the sun – it hazed it red as portrayed by the Egyptians. An analogy would be the sun turning red at sunset, only in ancient times the viewer is not only looking through a dusty atmosphere but some 93 million miles (distance between the earth and the sun) of dust and debris – as a consequence the sun appeared red throughout the day and even redder on the horizons. This is why the Egyptian’s always painted a red sun – they never once experienced a golden glaring sun as we do today.


Sa Re, son of Re

As incandescent, sometimes ‘fiery’ red orbs, the Horus kings regularly took on the attributes of Re, the red sun. This largely down tidal friction and internal convulsions, or as in the case of Venus and Mercury, scorching hot newly birthed bodies. They looked like the sun and traced the same basic path (ecliptic) of the sun – traits that naturally saw them as ‘offspring of Ra,’ as reflected in there-horakhty_horus-text ubiquitous title sa Re (or sa ra) which means “son of Re.” Similar devotional ‘sun’ titles would also include “Beloved of Re” and “Chosen of Re,” very common epithets bestowed upon the astral kings. This very close and personal relationship is the very reason why the throne name almost always contained the name of the god, Re. It is as you would expect.

The Sky Horus God King Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun’s throne name ‘The Lordly Manifestation of Re,’ is simply Mars/Tutankhamun in the image of Re. Quite literally, Tut/Mars was the lordly ‘form,’ ‘being’ or ‘manifestation’ of the red sun. Some scholars (oblivious to planetary chaos) chose to read Tut’s prenomen as ‘Lord of Manifestations is Re.’ But even this can be taken at face value, in that, Re was the ‘Lord of Manifestations’ – the sun god par-excellence was perceived as creating many beings ‘in his image’ and Tut/Horus/Mars was just one of them.

Turning our attention back to Tut’s beautifully crafted broach. It no doubt spells out Tutankhamun’s throne name, however, the red disk should not be seen as representing Re per se – it is a body (Mars) in the image of Re, a manifestation of Re – a ‘Re body,’ so to speak, a virtual double of Re – just one of many “Lordly Manifestations of Re.”


The sky king Tut here signifying he is “Lord of All.” The plumed tails revealing Mars also periodically adorned comet-like tails

The basket glyph as well as meaning “lord” can also mean “every,” “all” or “everything” (ref). With that in mind I would suggest that the basket also represents earth (with surrounding primeval waters) and that the connotation “all” or “everything” refers to the population of earth – this would make sense since it would give us Tut/Mars as the lord of “all” on earth. As godly intermediaries between heaven and earth that is exactly what Egypt’s pharaohs were.

The winged Khepri beetle came about as a result of Mars interacting with the solar wind, and confirms that the atmospheres of earth and Mars subsequently intermingled.


The God Khepri – a Creation of the Solar Wind.

Khephir (also Kheper or Khepera or Khepri) was the Egyptian patron god of the sun, creation, life and resurrection. This god appeared as a scarab-headed man, a scarab or a man wearing a scarab as a crown. In some funerary papyri, he is shown as a scarab in a boat held aloft by Nun. In Petosiris Tom at Tuna el-Gebel, the god is shown wearing an atef crown of the god Osiris.


Khepri, scarab-headed god

The word kheper (or hprr) means scarab, and as the animal was associated with life and rebirth. Literally the word means “he who is coming into being”. Like Atum, Khephir was a self-created god. The scarab lays its eggs in a ball of dung and rolls it to hide in a safe place. From this unlikely substance the Egyptians observed new life emerging, seemingly from the earth. Hence he was a god of creation. In Chapter LXXXV of the Papyrus of Ani, the

Creator states:

“I came into being of myself in the midst of the Primeval Waters (Nu) in this my name of Khepri”

The Egyptian’s were not into pseudo-science, there was no art for art’s sake, they didn’t imagine a winged beetle on the horizon – they actually saw one!