Ra (Re) – The Red Sun God

Winged Disk Mars

Re (Ra), the Egyptian RED sun

Fact: Egyptian art reveals not one single golden glaring Sun with a complete 360° sweep of sun rays, why?

Why did the Ancient Egyptians depict the Sun as a red disk?

The following essay it is a perfect example of how the most obvious evidence can be overlooked. It shows how childlike observations can lead to incredible discoveries which irrefutably prove that planetary chaos is reaching out to us from the not so distant past.

To understand the God King Scenario (GKS) requires transporting yourself back in time to a world dominated by planets that appeared larger than the Sun; a time when Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon plus entourage ruled the heavens as divine kings and queens for an incredible 3,000 years.

Horus Sun Egyptian

Ra, the Red Sun.

I understand that for some such an outrageous theory is difficult to comprehend let alone accept, after all, apart from the Moon, these planets no longer dominate the heavens or reign (literally) over Earth. The divine royal family of ancient Egypt are now mere specks of light in the night sky or, as the Egyptians believed, divine stars in the ‘kingdom of Osiris.’ There is, however, one glaring orb that hasn’t altered its eternal path across the heavens or changed its shape and size. It is our source of light, energy and heat and it appears today just as it did millennia ago. I am of course referring to the Sun.

The Sun rises in the east, arcs across the sky and sets in the west in a very predictable and measurable 24-hour cycle. As the Sun was present throughout periods of planetary chaos, and taking into account the close relationship that existed between the sun god Ra and the divine Egyptian monarchy (The monarchy were offspring of the sun), the sun is the one orb we cannot ignore when discussing the GKS.

Ra, the Sun God

Sun God Horus

Red Sun.

Re was typically represented as a sun-disk, or as a falcon-headed man wearing a red sun-disk on his head. This imagery points to the god’s solar character. With epithets such as ‘opening the day,’ ‘light,’ ‘shinest’ and ‘lord of all lands,’ we are presented with traits which are consistent with the life-giving properties of the Sun we experience today. This makes perfect sense, until we turn our attention to Re’s most common representation – the red disk.

Horus Ra Sun

Red Sun.

This is Re’s solar disk. It features heavily in Egyptian art and there are hundreds of thousands of them adorning every monument, tomb and temple wall throughout Egypt. They can also be found painted on stela (round topped stones), decorated on the inside and outside of coffins and sarcophagi, and on artefacts, scrolls of papyrus, statues and even incorporated into Egyptian jewellery. Re’s red disk can be found everywhere. As the Sun was the primary source of life in ancient Egypt, such ubiquitous representation is only to be expected. That said, there is something unusual about the way the Egyptians represented our nearest star which is incredibly revealing when considered alongside planetary chaos.

The Egyptians always depicted the sun as a red disk!

Solar God Egyptian

Red Sun.

It matters little where Re’s symbol is found. Whether used as part of the ‘sacred’ inscriptions or as a pictorial image dressed with wings, cow’s horns, plumes or cobras, Re’s most basic form consisted of a simple red disk – why?

Solar Boat Ra

Red Sun.

The Sun is a blinding, golden-yellow disk with emanating rays – a ball of glaring, golden light – so why paint, what is by comparison, a lifeless red disk? Ask a child to paint the Sun and they will paint a yellow circle with yellow sunrays, an adult would do the same. So why didn’t the Egyptians portray the Sun as it appeared – a bright yellow disk with rays?

Solar Barque Ra

Red Sun.

Sun God Re

Red Sun.

As one of the original creator gods, Re was ‘the lord of all lands’ and ‘the great light who shinest in the heavens.’ Life on Earth depended on Re and he was revered greatly. The Egyptians believed that he created the world, and the rising Sun was their symbol of creation. Would the Egyptians risk the wrath of this great god by ignoring its true form in this way?

The abundance of glorious reliefs proves that the Egyptians were proud of their art. Many pieces took months, if not years, to complete as each hieroglyph was meticulously carved and painted. The colours were of paramount importance and many gods had their own sacred colours. It therefore seems bizarre that they created a disk to represent the Sun and then proceeded to paint it red!

Excluding the Amarna period

Akhenaten Nefertiti Aten

The Aten Mercury – iron core of Mars.

When discussing the Egyptians depiction of the red Sun, I would like to point out that I am excluding the Amarna period. This was the revolutionary episode in Egyptian history when the ‘heretic’ pharaoh Akhenaten left Thebes to form a new capital in Middle Egypt for the worship of the Aten, the ‘disk of the Sun.’ This is not because this was an age of yellow suns with rays. On the contrary, there were numerous red disks from this period which the Egyptians called the Aten and which scholars have erroneously assumed were aspects of the Sun. Shown slightly larger than normal, the Aten had one distinct trait that separated it from the millions of red suns before and after the Amarna period – it was shown with sunrays. They were not normal rays because they did not sweep around the circumference of the disk but protruded from the lower half only. Nevertheless, the Amarna period was the only time in Egyptian history when a ‘sun’ was depicted with rays (see images)

The Aten Mercury

Mercury Aten.

However, I am not excluding the Amarna period because of the existence of sunrays. I am excluding it because the Aten had nothing to do with the Sun! This whole epoch of approximately 17 years was a time when the combined gravitational forces of Earth and Venus sucked out the core of Mars which became the planet Mercury. The evidence for the genesis of Mercury is still visible today in the form of the Valles Marineris. An enormous scar on the surface of Mars with a length approximately the same diameter as Mercury. Surely this is no coincidence! Planetary scientists do actually theorise that Mercury was once the solid core of a planet – in a head-on collision the outer layers of a planet were blasted off leaving behind its core or as we call it Mercury. I would also add that Mars at some time in the past once held a magnetic field but for reasons yet to be explained, it stopped working. This is because its ‘dynamo’ was catastrophically sucked out to become the planet Mercury, the first ‘rock’ from the Sun.

This biblical event occurred in the skies above Earth and was witnessed by all ancient cultures. The Egyptians initially called Mercury the Aten – and so the Aten was Mercury. It was never a renamed sun and to suggest such a thing is totally incorrect.

Akhenaten Worship Aten

Akhenaten Mars offering to Aten Mercury.

Ancient cultures do not suddenly decide to rename one of their most important creator deities. Re was never the Aten. The Aten was portrayed as a large red disk with partial rays because that is exactly how Mercury appeared. It was a totally separate body to the Sun. In fact, the Sun was blotted out for at least 17 years because of the light from Mercury. As it cooled down, Mercury joined the royal bloodline of astral god-kings. Even the golden Aten on the back of Tutankhamun’s (Mars) throne was an image of the recently born Mercury of the first millennium BC.

Tutankhamun Golden Throne

Note the celestial headgear, Comet Venus.

An interesting point regarding the Amarna period comes to us via way the Aten is reproduced; many TV documentaries, books and web sites depict the Aten and its rays as yellow. And yet the reliefs at Amarna clearly show traces of red paint (see images), in fact, there are hundreds of red Aten’s at Amarna. My question is, why not show it as is – as the Egyptian’s coloured it, a red disk with red rays? Perhaps the producers struggled to accept a red Sun because their subconscious told them it must be yellow. Or, perhaps they take their lead from the ‘rare’ golden Aten on the back of Tutankhamun throne. I say ‘rare’ because this is probably the only golden Aten (with sunrays) to be found and I’m not so sure this wasn’t at some time in the past painted RED. Take a close look at the back of Tutankhamun’s throne, here traces of what looks like red paint can be seen, although I hasten to add, this could just be a case of ‘pink gold.’ Further research is required here and I will be adding a piece on the Aten/Mercury as and when time permits.

I mention this because the ‘transforming’ of red suns to yellow suns (computer generated or otherwise) is a practice carried out by documentary producers from other periods of Egyptian history. Again, why distort the evidence in this way? Why not tell it as it is? If the ‘Sun’ reliefs show traces of red paint then paint it red!

Goddess Isis Ecliptic

Red Sun.

When I said the sun is always depicted as a red disk this isn’t strictly true. You will, if you search long and hard enough find a proportionally small number of yellow disks, the occasional blue or even a rare white disk. This has to be understood in the context of the GKS which contends many of these disks are representations of the planets in chaos, this of course, including the ubiquitous red disk (Mars, the red god of war). This especially so where we find a disk surmounted by cow horns crowned on many of Egypt’s gods such as the nurturing goddesses’ Isis and Hathor. In other words, given that the GKS contends that many disks visited Earth in ancient times, all were related but not all were the sun.

The underlying fact is, the red disk dominates Egyptian art and I challenge anybody to find a golden yellow sun with a complete set of 360 degree sunrays – a sun as we would portray it, if none are found the question has to be why?

Could the red Sun derive from observations of the Sun at sunrise or sunset?

‘Red is also a colour given to the Sun, red at its rising and its setting.’ (touregypt)

Horus Solar God

Ra, Red Sun.

The Sun occasionally appears red on the horizon due to the disfiguring refraction caused by the layering of the air. At sunset, light travels through more of the atmosphere and appears to the observer as if the transmitted light from the Sun has an intense red hue, hence a red Sun.

To propose that the Egyptians depicted the Sun as a red disk because it occasionally appears red at sunrise and sunset is a ridiculous assumption. Why? Because if the ubiquitous red disk represents the Sun at sunset then we should expect to find an amount of corresponding yellow disks to represent the Sun during the day. Furthermore, as the Sun only occasionally appears red on the horizon, the percentage of yellow suns should far outweigh any red suns. There should be millions of yellow suns and less proportional red suns, but ancient Egyptian art is dominated by the red disk.

Yellow paint?

Sun God Egyptian

Red Sun.

Did the Egyptian palette contain yellow paint? Yes it did – yellow ochre was readily available and was used regularly by the Egyptians. There were many reliefs where yellow paint was used as well as the occasional yellow disk. For example, in ‘The Art of Ancient Egypt’ by Gay Robins, on page 173 there is a facsimile painting of a scene from the chapel of Isis in the Osiris complex. It shows King Seti I (Mercury) offering a platter of food to the seated figure of the goddess Isis. This mothering goddess is normally depicted crowned with a large red disk surmounted with black cow’s horns. However, in this scene Isis is unusually shown with yellow flesh and a flat-topped yellow crown with white cow’s horns and a large yellow disk. If this yellow disk represented the Sun, it is clear evidence that the Egyptians not only used yellow paint but also had the ability to paint a yellow Sun. Therefore all disks that represented the Sun should have been coloured yellow. Yet this scene also contains hieroglyphic red suns and numerous images of cobras, each one crowned with a red disk. What are we to make of this?

Gold – the flesh of the gods

Ra Sun God

Red Sun orbs everywhere.

The situation becomes increasingly bizarre when we consider the precious metal gold which was regarded as the flesh of the gods. It was closely associated with the Sun as the following quotes highlight:

“With decorations in gold leaf or yellow paint to represent gold, which both form the flesh of the gods and as a colour had a close association with the sun god.” (Robins, quoting on the gold funerary mask of an elite woman, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 2000, p 146)

“Because of its warm glow and indestructibility, gold was thought to be the flesh of the Sun god Ra and contained supernatural powers.” (Discovery Channel, Age of Gold, 2004)

“The colour yellow was often associated with the sun-disk and with gold, or nbw. Gold was not only associated with the Sun, it was also the flesh of the gods.” (touregypt).

If gold was the flesh of the gods, and if this originated with our golden Sun, why didn’t the Egyptians paint the Sun yellow? More importantly, why haven’t scholars questioned this irregularity? It seems strange to ignore the golden flesh of the original creator god in favour of red flesh. It could even be argued that the Egyptians were contradicting themselves.

“Khenet, or yellow, was symbolic of all that is eternal and imperishable.” (ibid)

Ra Sun God

Red Sun.

The Sun is eternal and imperishable; it rises and sets with ceaseless regularity and remains imperishable at the centre of the solar system. It has traversed our skies for billions of years; it was present at the birth of pharonic Egypt and at the end some 3,000 years later. As the Egyptians believed that yellow was symbolic of all that was eternal and imperishable, they would have used this divine colour to paint the Sun. Yet Egyptian images do not tally with their sacred words and there is no connection between gold flesh and the colour of the Sun. Is there any way we can reconcile such apparent contradictions?