The Egyptian Cobra Goddess Wadjet

The Eye of Re, The Fiery Eye

“Then I bestowed upon my Eye the uraeus of fire, and it was wroth with me…”


A recognisable feature to the ancients would be the fact that the serpent apparitions were seen emanating from the direction of the Sun (Re). A simple analogy would be the light, or ‘eye’ of Re shining on the planets. It was recognised that Re was the source of this power and such observations duly led to Wadjet’s epithets ‘The Eye of Re,’ ‘She of the Fiery Eye’ and ‘The Noble Serpent who Flowed Forth from the Eye.’ Wadjet worn on the brow of the planet kings in part to represent the Fiery Eye of Re – fitting physical descriptions and representations of solar phenomena recorded by the ancient Egyptians.

Volcanism – Snakelike eruptions and snaking rivers of lava.

A second reason for the iconic cobra lies with volcanism. Observations of planetary bodies (mainly Mars) ejecting material (striking out) several hundred kilometers out into space. Depending on which body, this would manifest itself in many different ways, nevertheless the visual aspect was much the same; the astral monarchy were all seen too exhibit similar ‘striking out’ qualities and thus invoked Wadjet’s more aggressive, even deadly ‘spitting fire and venom’ traits. In addition to this, vast molten hot lava rivers were also seen ‘snaking’ across the surface of the astral monarchy, further promoting the goddess Wadjet.

The catastrophic destruction of Mars (home) from a planet virtually the same as earth (only smaller) to its now frozen desolate state would see Mars set numerous precedents in Egyptian art and beliefs. With this in mind we will discuss volcanism on Mars first.

Volcanism on the planet Mars

Planet Mars Volcano
The gigantic volcano Olympus Mons on the planet Mars.

Mars is only about one-half the size of Earth and yet has several volcanoes that surpass the scale of earth’s largest volcanoes. It is home to the largest volcano in the solar system Olympus Mons. Rising 16 miles above the surface, this monster is three times taller than the tallest mountain on Earth (Mount Everest only rises 5 miles) and stretches some 370 miles – the distance from Boston to Washington DC. It makes the largest landform on Earth look like an anthill!

If we travel back some 4,000 years to the peak of planetary chaos, massive internal stresses within Mars was relieved to a degree through volcanism. Olympic Mons was the primary vent, churning out vigorous volumes of white hot gushing lava – nothing on earth would compare to the ejecta expelled by this monster. Mars’ Ascraeus Mons, Arsia Mons and Pavonis Mons along with a dozen lesser volcanoes would also contribute in churning out tons of molten lava.

Ignited primary by close encounters with earth, the volcanoes on Mars erupted with tremendous ferocity sending fiery streams of lava and chunks of debris several kilometers out into space especially the mega giant Olympus Mons. These ejections were seen and in taking on similar snakelike features to those observed striking out from the Sun, they were naturally attributed to the Great Serpent Wadjet.

Although nowhere near the same scale the following images of the Kilauea Volcano erupting on the island of Hawaii gives us a very rough visual idea of what may have been seen. Only we need to be thinking on a far, far grander scale here – the eruption of a number of gigantic volcanoes on a smaller parent body shooting tons of lava skywards before falling back to the surface.

Volcanoes planets
Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii.
Kilauea Lava Fountain
A snaking lava fountain (Credit: Wiki Commons)
Kilauea Volcano Erupting
A burst of lava, Kilauea.

Other bodies

Io Moon Jupiter
Jupiter’s Moon Io with erupting volcanoes

Volcanism on other bodies today may further promote the visual aspect of errant bodies displaying coronal ‘prominences.’ For example, the computer image on the left shows Jupiter’s Moon Io with erupting volcanoes. Here we are presented with a image that probably isn’t a million miles away from how Mars may have appeared at times. We just need to give Io an incandescent red disk glow, increase the size of its volcanoes about fifty fold, substitute the metallic sodium ejecta for lava and throw in large quantities of dust and debris – this would give us a comparable likeness. Although I hasten to add, Mars appeared in a variety of colours, even blue, hence the wearing of the blue crown by the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom.

Jupiter's Moon Io
Jupiter’s Moon Io

Mars (as other bodies) also appeared golden similar to the more familiar ‘golden’ Io on the right. It was mainly daytime observations of golden planets that led to the addition of the ‘Golden Horus‘ name given to the kings.

YouTube Video of Io here.

May I also recommend a YouTube video of Saturn’s Moon Enceladus erupting here.

The lashing out, or coronal ‘prominences’ of the god king planets is clearly represented in the inscriptions and iconography:

Tutankhamun Boy King
Tutankhamun/Mars portrayed gold and black
to match its appearance in the skies above.


Psusennes Pharaoh Godking
Psusennes proudly displaying a very protruding cobra, symbolically representing
(in this particular case) a golden ‘faced’ (*) Mercury exhibiting snakelike solar traits.

* Psusennes was buried with a golden face mask in a silver coffin, this suggests Mercury appeared predominantly silver with a golden ‘face,’ the latter probably being the side facing the Sun taking on a golden hue. My identification may be incorrect, the Egyptians may be referring to a silvery Moon with a golden ‘face’ (i.e. the Moons Maria formed as a result of gigantic iron based impacts (low velocity) from Mars – these taking on a golden hue before cooling down).

Psusennes throne name; “The star that rises (shines) in Tanis.” Hardly a name given to a human!

Amenhotep III (Mars) “The Dazzling Sun Disk of all Lands.”

“He (Amun) shall deliver them into the flaming wrath of the king (Amenhotep) on the day of his anger; his serpent-diadem shall spit fire upon their heads, shall consume their limbs, shall devour their bodies, they shall become like Apophis on the morning of New Year’s Day.”

(Breasted Vol 2)

Tuthmosis I (Moon)“Born of the God Thoth”

“His majesty (Tuthmosis) was furious thereat, like a panther, his majesty cast his first lance, which remained in the body of that fallen one. This was …….. powerless before his flaming uraeus, made so in an instant of destruction; their people were brought off as living prisoners.”

(Breasted Vol 2 p34)

The Battle of Megiddo; Tuthmosis III (Moon)

“The fear of his majesty had entered their hearts, their arms were powerless, his serpent diadem was victorious among them.”

(Breasted Vol 2)

Snaking Rivers of Lava

Volcanic eruptions, as you would expect also produced gigantic rivers of lava (as in the image of the Kilauea volcano above) which meandered across the surface of Mars. Vast, incandescent, mainly golden rivers of boiling hot lava ‘snaking’ several hundred kilometers across an already boiling hot surface, especially on the slopes of Olympus Mons.

The legacy of Mars’ divine snakes.

Lava likely made river-like channel on Mars

“Lava tubes snapped snaking across Mars.”

These vast lava rivers are represented in the headgear as below.

Ramesses The Great
Tutankhamun's Treasure Boy

Pharaonic planets with the tell tails signs of snaking rivers of lava represented in Wadjet’s body and tail which meander across the crowns of the god kings.

Seti Seth Pharaoh

The top two images depict the kings wearing the Blue Crown which derived from a spinning Mars with a hazy ring system around its girth, and although this is subject for future discussion I would like to further point out that the small circular reliefs represent electrical discharges or high energy impacts. A visual analogy would be Venus’ birth mark on Jupiter i.e. the Great Red Spot. In actuality the circular imprints wouldn’t be so uniformed, but the Egyptians were always ones for symmetry.

Wadjet, Mistress of the Atef-Crown, Mother of Creation, Serpent Mother.

Wadjet was often depicted sporting a gold or red disk as can be seen in the following images.

Wadjet Goddess Birth
Reverse side of the throne of Pharaoh Tutankhamun (Mars) with four golden uraeus cobra figures.
Tutankhamun Conopic Chest
Tutankhamun’s Canopic Chest topped with numerous wadjet disks.
Such imagery is prevalent throughout the Nile Valley.
Nefertari Queen Ramesses
Comet Venus/Nefertari (left) and Comet Mars/ Ramesses the Great.
A marriage made in heaven.

On the left is queen Nefertari great wife to the ‘Re of Rulers,’ Ramesses the Great (Mars) on the right. Nefertari is wearing the Comet Venus crown which is an exact physical representation of Venus as it appeared in ancient times. Ramesses is wearing a similar elaborate plumed crown.

Ramesses’s crown is a near as dam it physical representation of Mars as it appeared in ancient times i.e. we have the red disk of Mars partially buffering the solar wind as it desperately tries to hold on to its magnetic field, thus creating the ‘rams horns.’ The solar wind, as with Nefertiti’s Comet Venus headdress strips vast quantities of dust, gas and debris from Mars forming the two enormous cometary tails. But how do we explain the well chosen placement of the cobra goddess Wadjet sporting relatively large disks on her head?

While there’s no doubt the large fire breathing volcanoes on Mars played a significant part here by catapulting great blobs of material, pieces of magma, lava bombs out into space, hence Wadjet adorning a disk, there is much more to this, especially when dealing with Mars.

Valles Marineris

Valles Marineris Mars

The Valles Marineris (Right) is an enormous gash on the face of Mars. The Grand Canyon is minute when compared to this great chasm. Just as the Great Red Spot dominates the face of Jupiter, the Valles Marineris, at 4,500 km long and 7 km deep, is a dominant feature of the Martian landscape and dwarfs all other such features in the solar system. Planetary scientists have yet to establish a satisfactory explanation for this enormous scar (please notice the three large volcanoes on the left).

Originally proposed by physicist and catastrophist J. Ackerman the Valles Marineris was created when the heart of Mars, its solid iron core was sucked out to become the planet we now call Mercury. As Ackerman points out, the length of Mars’ great scar is as good as the same diameter as Mercury, this is surely no coincidence! (photo of Mercury below, now covered in a relatively very thin layer of rocks and debris – origin? Mars).

Mercury Iron Core
The Aten/Mercury.

I believe this almost incomprehensible ‘second Sun genesis’ is recorded in history and comes to us via the Amarna Period. An approximately twenty year epoch where the Egyptian’s apparently though it would be a good idea to rename the Sun as the Aten, or ‘disk of the Sun.’ I further contend the Aten was the newly mercury-iron-core-mars-planetsextracted Mercury, born in the skies above earth. It’s energy (light) blotted out Re, thus taking over Re’s role and becoming the ‘disk of Re,’ or ‘being Re’ for about 17 years (Earth-Mars synodic cycle?). After rapidly cooling down, the old order along with Egypt’s traditional sky gods returned with a vengeance and monotheism, the worship of the one true Sun (the Aten/Mercury), all but disappeared. There is much more information on the ‘Mercury from Mars’ proposal and exactly where its written down contained throughout my web and in my books.

There is no way Mercury just ‘popped out’ of Mars, on the contrary, this was a truly monumental and very chaotic messy event (words will never suffice). The extraction began long before the Amarna Period and the reverberations were felt for many years thereafter. In studying the art and literature of the ancient Egyptians I’m guessing this lasted about three hundred years plus.

During this period the spinning Mars ejected incalculable amounts of material through the Valles Marineris. This would include countless tons of lava and, more importantly colossal quantities of molten iron (and vaporised sand) from around the core of Mars. This took on the form of gigantic snakelike streams of material further birthing large spherical chunks of iron from the body of Pharaonic Mars. Another way of describing it would be Mars ‘fissioned’ off ‘droplets’ or ‘blobs’ of iron via great streamers, so to speak. This was symbolically represented in the crowns worn by the warrior pharaohs before, during, and after Mercury’s birth.

With this in mind, it is now possible to understand the enigmatic crown worn by Ramesses in the image above – it is explained as follows. Ramesses/Mars, at this point in time, which was after the birth of Mercury, was seen with enormous blobs of iron satellites connected to Mars via large serpentlike umbilical cords. Through Egyptian eyes, we have the goddess wadjet ‘birthing’ astral entities or Egyptian doubles (kas, see Egyptian Dualism). The crowns worn by the kings below tell a similar story.

Tutankhamun Tutankhamon Throne

Tutankhamun (Mars) with his queen Ankhesenamun (Comet Venus) immediately after the birth of the Aten/Mercury (top centre orb with unusual lopsided ‘sunrays’). Tutankhamun/Mars (represented by the actual person) is surrounded by numerous snakes and satellites prompting numerous representations of the goddess Wadjet replete with many disks throughout this whole scene. The iconography reveals the orb of Mars wasn’t seen during this time, nor too was Mars’ great scar, far too much going on, just a den of snakes and golden orbs and somewhere in the midst was Mars/Tutankhamun. This would be in contrast to the time of Ramesses (Mars), where as the image above reveals, the red orb of Mars was observed and accordingly represented. If you look closely you will see that the crowns of both king and queen are further surmounted by a crown of numerous snakes with orbs, we will discuss this shortly.

The Aten/Mercury having cooled down from a glaring orb to an incandescent and traditional red disk now joins the royal bloodline of celestial god kings. One of the first pharaonic names given Mercury was Seti “He of the God Seth.” A very apt title since Seti/Mercury appeared to cause untold destruction above and below. In regards to Ramesses and Seti, I reason that we are dealing with two separate bodies here since both are shown together in many battles (unverified!) scenes fighting Egypt’s enemies – and they cannot both be guises of the same body.

During this co-regency (co-rule, as recorded in history) I believe Seti/Mercury (and subsequent guises of Mercury) continued to ‘peel’ or fission off blobs of iron based material from its exterior as too did Mars from the Valles Marineris. I mention this because the images below depict Seti/Mercury wearing similar crowns to that of Ramesses/Mars and as stated above they cannot both be the same body. I would further argue this would be a logical sequential order of events.

Ancient name of planet Mercury
Seti II Mercury, a beehive of activity in the skies above Egypt.

Seti Mercury wearing similar elaborate ‘Wadjet crowns’ (variations to the Atef crown) to that of Ramesses, only here the disk of mercury is seen and represented. Here the crown is not surmounted by a further crown of snakes with orbs as with Tut and his wife, this may turn out to be important. I would like to add at this juncture, it is absurd to suggest such images somehow represent the Sun, how could they? The last time I looked, the Sun didn’t have horns, or cometary tails, and most certainly no snakes sporting golden/red orbs! The only thing they have in common is they both inhabited the same celestial sphere.

Ramesses II is credited with siring over 150 children (some say over 200), an unprecedented feat never to be repeated. It is no coincidence that Ramesses’s brood numbered in the hundreds, inasmuch, this was a time shortly after the birth of Mercury and as suggested above Ramesses/Mars was surrounded by literally hundreds of ‘children.’ One of whom would eventually ‘outsize’ (from earth’s perspective) all others to become pharaoh of Egypt – I am referring to Merneptah (“Beloved of Ptah/Jupiter,” = a conjunction with Jupiter). Today only two children remain at Pharaonic Mars’ side, Phobos and Demos. The former now believed to be made from rocks blasted off the Martian surface in a catastrophic event (Related: Massive blast ‘created Mars moon’). No surprise to me as most of the debris (asteroids, comets etc.) littering the solar system today will be found to originate from the planet Mars. This would include the tons of IRON micrometeorites bombarding earth on a daily basis, as well as quantities of sand particles.

Research reveals only god kings wore this particular crown, no queens. This speaks volumes and tells us only the warrior planets Mars, Mercury, and the Moon exhibited such highly distinctive Wadjet traits and not the passive (compared to other bodies) queen Venus. This in itself further supports the God King Scenario, otherwise the question has to be, why was it that only the kings wore this enigmatic crown? Egyptologists please explain.

This crown appeared just prior too, during, and after the Amarna period – again this is no coincidence. The ancients merely followed the sequential order of events in the heavens. After Mercury’s birth, Mars would many times continue to visit earth in the guise of Egypt’s god kings and many times it was further seen to belch out material from its large volcanic vents, and of course the Valles Marineris. This is evidenced by later kings shown wearing similar unusual elaborate ‘Atef’ crowns.

The question was asked above as to why Wadjet sported a disk; we now have the answer – she was observed birthing many disks and represented accordingly. Such qualities are to be seen not as ‘striking out’ traits but mothering and creation attributes, thus enabling the synchronisation of Wadjet’s previously enigmatic epithets, e.g. ‘Serpent Mother.’ ‘Mother of Creation,’ and ‘Mistress of the Atef-Crown.’ She was all of these and so much more.