The Crux of the GKS – Egyptian Dualism (gks 1)

Hatshepsut (Venus) “Just and Full of Vitality like the Sun (Ra)”

Hatsheptsut Egyptian QueensThe following is taken from Queen Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri. It is a request from Amun (aurora) to Khnum for the creation of Hatshepsut and her ka.

‘Amen-Ra called for Khnum, the creator, the fashioner of the bodies of men.’

‘Fashion for me the body of my daughter and the body of her ka,’ said Amen-Ra, ‘A great queen shall I make of her, and honour and power shall be worthy of her dignity and glory.’

‘O Amen-Ra,’ answered Khnum, ‘It shall be done as you have said. The beauty of your daughter shall surpass that of the gods and shall be worthy of her dignity and glory.’

‘So Khnum fashioned the body of Amen-Ra’s daughter and the body of her ka, the two forms exactly alike and more beautiful than the daughters of men. He fashioned them of clay with the air of his potter’s wheel and Heqet, goddess of birth, knelt by his side holding the sign of life towards the clay that the bodies of Hatshepsut and her ka might be filled with the breath of life.’

(Bold emphasis)

This is a perfect example of the god Khnum simultaneously creating two exact forms of the same person; the god Khnum fashioned two identical Hatshepsut’s – one human and the other her ka or celestial double. In this particular case it was a guise of the planet Venus (the majority of queens were guises of Venus). In other words this was a guise of Venus plus a mortal representative.

Traits dictating roles

The behavioural traits of these bodies dictated their roles and how they were perceived and this was drawn from the natural world. For example, rocky bodies orbiting around the monarchy were viewed as members of the royal court, fan bearers, scribes, overseers, concubines or right-hand men. The legions of rocks trailing behind Mars were the rank and file soldiers of the king. ‘Shaven headed’ moons that orbited Earth were seen as the ‘all powerful’ priests of Egypt. The skies of earth were teeming with masses of cometary bodies and all were paired with or perceived to be the kas of humans. This included the enemy forces – the swarms of debris that smashed into the god kings were ‘doubles’ of the enemy on Earth.

It was not possible for each and every person to associate with their respective double – size was the determining factor here. Mortal kings, queens, courtiers, priests and other dignitaries could make a connection easily due to their association with the dominating planets, moons and other large bodies. However, commoners were associated with asteroids and comets and, because of their relatively small size, it was difficult to identify their respective kas. Nevertheless, all Egyptians vehemently believed in a ‘double’ above due to a belief brought about by cosmic chaos and a sky crowded with infinite bodies. We can see the celestial ka at work from the following inscriptions, all taken from the translations of J H Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt: The nineteenth dynasty.

That which the ka does, is to reign, (A common phrase for royalty)

All protection, life, stability, satisfaction, all health, are behind him, like Re. The living king’s-ka, Lord of the Two Lands…

Praise to thy ka, 0 good and beautiful ruler…

They were immediately brought before the Good God (Ramesses II), their hands uplifted to his ka, acclaiming and smelling the earth before his beautiful face.

May he grant life, prosperity and health to the ka of the king’s-messenger to every country…

May he grant favor to the ka of the fan-bearer on the king’s right hand, king’s-son of Kush, governor of south countries, Seti.

May the ka of Pharaoh, L. P. H., thy good lord, favor thee, who caused thee to fashion the statue of Ramses VI…

May the ka of Ramses IX favor thee, the great ruler of Egypt, the beloved child of all the gods, because of the completion of every work!

His majesty sailed down-stream to the Northland, while the west and the east made great jubilee, saying: “Welcome is thy coming, and welcome thy ka! To sustain alive the Two Lands.”

Transitional location

Although existing above, ones double occupied a totally separate location to the divine stars. Stars dwelt in Upper Egypt which was the divine firmament whereas ‘doubles’ occupied an intermediate or transitional location somewhere between the Two Lands (drawing at bottom of the page). From the perspective of Earth this was roughly the same location as the ruling planets, the Sun and many of Egypt’s enigmatic sky gods. In effect, there were three basic locations and all of them were perceived to be inhabited by real beings. Lower Egypt or Earth was home to humans, an intermediate region was occupied by human ‘doubles,’ and Upper Egypt or the land above was home to the complete and eternal form of humans, the all powerful stars. In simple terms there were two lands, one up one down, and an intermediate space in-between (due to dust and debris this would be further subdivided into regions).

Although further research is required, I believe that by occupying the intermediate space, all Egyptian ‘doubles’ were involved with pharaoh’s court.

Thutmose III: The Napata Stela.

He shall be at the head of all the kas of the living.

He does it so that life will be given (him). He (Tuthmosis = Moon) shall be at the head of the kas of all the living, appearing glorious as king of Upper and Lower Egypt on the throne of Horus like Re.

(Note; “like Re,” refers to red Horus orbs just like the Red Sun).

They took on roles such as viziers, overseers, fan bearers and foot soldiers and did not undertake agrarian tasks such as farming. Unlike Upper and Lower Egypt which were fixed lands where ploughing, sowing, reaping and harvesting took place, the intermediate space was not a firmament. To the Egyptians it was a magical transitional space; a world where pharaohs rode chariots of gold and electrum and where epic cosmic battles were fought (the wars and battles of the pharaohs). It was a place of activity where evil (Seth) was an ever-present threat.

Life in the intermediate space was precarious and restless for all kas and this was in total contrast to the lifestyle of the divine Egyptians who had reached heaven and who enjoyed a peaceful existence. Here ordinary Egyptians enjoyed more leisurely activities such as hunting and farming. This was recorded in the glorious afterlife scenes painted on the tomb walls of the ordinary Egyptians (as above). Royalty were an exception and upon rebirth in the elysian fields, the pharaohs could take on any form they chose.

Despite the fact they took on different roles, humans and their doubles coexisted simultaneously; one existed on Earth and the other inhabited the transition world above. However, at death a person united with their ka to journey to the land above.