Pharaonic Names, Titles and Epithets

Guises of the planets Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon or names solely given to humans?

The God King Scenario (GKS) contends that the planets Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon were named and renamed many times over as they appeared to move back and forth in respect to earth. This paralleling the historical (and chronological) record of the pharaohs adorning every tomb and temple facade the length and breadth the Nile Valley. The names given to these bodies would primarily depend on their location and attributes in respect to earth and Egypt’s numerous sky gods such as the sun god Re (Ra) and Amun (the aurora which dominated ancient skies).

What follows is a fairly comprehensive chronological (conventional) list of names and epithets given to Egypt’s divine monarchy. The purpose of which is too demonstrate that many, if not all, only make sense if applied to celestial bodies. In other words, there is no need to invoke the notion that our ancient forebears promoted a somewhat surreal ‘idealised world’ as conventional wisdom dictates. The opposite couldn’t be more true. The Egyptian’s, in holding the belief that the name of a person was of the utmost importance, are in fact, giving very apt descriptions of their celestial personified counterparts and all names should simply be taken at face value.

Ramesses Cartouche Egypt

Most of the following kings names are enclosed in cartouches (birth and throne names) as in the image on the left depicting Ramesses II throne name (User-maat-Re). The cartouche in itself has noteworthy celestial overtones – it symbolized that the king was the ‘Ruler of Everything Encircled by the Sun.’

The Sun rises in the east arches across the sky, sets in the west, battles the demons of the underworld (flat earth) to once again rise victorious in the east. In others words the sun draws a big circle in the sky and in doing so it encircles the ‘flat’ earth. The planetary kings many times emulated Re in this way, hence the ancient Egyptians enclosed the pharaohs names in a cartouche to signify their true astral status as ‘Rulers of Everything Encircled by the Sun.’

It is noteworthy that although not by use of the cartouche many Mesopotamian God Kings would enjoy similar ‘reigning over earth’ epithets. One such example would be Naram Sin of Akkad who was the first divine king to be given the much used title ‘King of the Four Quarters of the Universe.’ I associate Naram Sin as a guise of Moon (a Moon god Sin association) as it fell under the tidal force of the earth during the first millennium B.C. The Moon today still reigns as ‘King of the Four Quarters.’ In my quest to prove that ancient history is ‘upside down’ I will branch out into Mesopotamian cultures in the near future. For now, we will stick with the larger than life Egyptian god kings.

I have where possible given my planetary associations e.g. Ramesses (Mars), Tuthmosis (Moon), Seti (Mercury), Nefertiti (Venus, all queens were Venus). However, due to the intricate nature of this research, I am unable to synchronise many kings with their astral counterparts. I have many tentative connections but will not go to print until I’m sure.

The majority of the following pharaonic names are completely self-explanatory however, I deem it necessary to comment on some for reasons that will become apparent.

The source for many of the translations are given at the bottom of the page.

Narmer (Mars)

  • ‘The Striking Catfish.’


  • The Fighting Hawk (Horus).’The ruling pharaoh was the sky god Horus e.g. ‘His Majesty is Horus’ and all planetary kings when reigning over earth were protected by and became the living incarnation of the falcon sky god Horus (Heru, ‘he who is above’ literally!). Another way of looking at this would be Horus was the embodiment of kingship. From the Middle Kingdom the royal titulary consisted of a unique combination of five names, one of them would be the Horus name – sometimes also called the Ka-name which I deem appropriate, given my contention that the god kings were first and foremost astral ‘doubles’ of earthly kings (See The Egyptian Dualism).


  • ‘Horus who Succours’


  • ‘Horus who Strikes’The planetary king as Horus ‘strikes,’ dispatching the ‘evil’ debris that forever threatened to blot out the Red Sun (Re).


  • ‘His Arm is Raised.’A reference to a king walking around with his arm in the air? What if Mars exhibited a enormous plasma tail, or arm stretching out into space.


  • ‘Pleasing in Powers.’


  • ‘Lord of Re.’


  • ‘Godlike.’A radiant planet perhaps. I am reminded of Venus in the southern skies in 2009, certainly ‘Godlike.’


  • ‘The Two Powerful Ones Appear.’Mars exhibiting traits of the god Horus (good) and Seth (chaos) simultaneously.


  • ‘Strong Protection.’The planetary king as the embodiment of Horus was ‘The Strong Protector of Mankind and the Cosmos.’


  • ‘Divine of the Body.’


  • ‘Powerful in Body.’Planets are divine and powerful in body, not humans.


  • ‘The Smiter.’It was the role of the pharaoh to maintain ‘divine order’ (maat) in the cosmos and it was believed that without the pharaoh the whole universe would fall into chaos. Given their astral status and the fact they were constantly observed fearlessly crashing headlong into the enemy (space debris) numerous king were ‘smiters’ as supported by the iconic pharaonic ‘smiting an enemy’ pose carved on numerous temple walls.


  • ‘He of Beauty.’


  • ‘Protected by Khnum.’

Khafre (Chephren)

  • ‘Appearing/Shining like Re’A red Mars/Khafre literally appearing like the Red Sun. Numerous of kings adopted this title.


  • ‘It is Good what the Ka (double) of Re has Done.’A red Mars taking on the attributes of a Red Sun.


  • ‘He Who is Close to Re.’A planetary body physically appearing close to the Sun.


  • ‘Possessed of Re’s Power.’Solar flares and Coronal Mass Ejections were clearly seen ‘striking out’ into space courtesy of our ancient red sun. This, the very reason why the Egyptian sun disk was many times adorned with a cobra. Planetary kings also adopted similar ‘striking’ or ‘lashing out’ traits with volcanic eruptions spiting fire and venom several kilometers out into space. Or to put it another way, they ‘Possessed Re’s power.’


  • ‘Enduring, the Double (ka) of Re.’

Pepi I

  • ‘Beloved of Re’Dozens of kings adopted this title especially in the New Kingdom. Red planetary orbs in the image of a red sun and appearing in close proximity to the sun (daytime) led to the ubiquitous title ‘Beloved of Re.’ This physical association (red sun, red orb) prompted the Egyptians to adorn all kings with the title ‘Sa Re’ which means ‘Son of Re’ or ‘Offspring of Re.’ A perfectly natural title given the stellar connection that formed part of the royal titulary.

Pepy II

  • ‘Beautiful is the Double (ka) of Re.’Two glorious red orbs in the sky above. Re, the red sun, the perennial father to all red orbs including the primary red disk of ‘Mars, the god of war.’ This is the very reason why the red disk dominates Egyptian art.


  • ‘Beautiful and Strong Champion.’

Mentuhotep (Mars)

  • ‘The War God Montu is Content.’Pharaonic Mars at war thus pleasing the astral war god Montu.
  • ‘Pleased is the Lord of Re.’ or ‘The Voice of Re.’Astral kings ruling by the authority of Re.

Mentuhotep II (Mars)

  • ‘Giving Life to the Ka (double) of Re.’

Mentuhotep IV (Mars)

  • ‘Re’s Lord of the Two Lands.’As proposed in my first book the ‘Two Lands’ of ‘Upper and Lower Egypt’ have nothing whatsoever to do with the north and south of Egypt as per the conventional belief. With childlike naivety ancient cultures perceived the blackness of space as a fixed land mass canopying earth and the ‘Two Lands’ were quite simply heaven and earth – two fixed land masses – two Egypt’s, one up one down, hence we have Upper and Lower Egypt. The celestial kings ‘unified’ the ‘Two Lands’ by traversing and occupying the intermediate space between. Mentuhotep/Mars was just one of many godly kings who were ‘Re’s Lord of the Two Lands.’

Amenemhet I (Mars)

  • ‘Amun is at the Head.’The Solar Wind slamming into Mars producing intense auroral manifestations (Amun) at the head of Mars.
  • ‘The One who Appeases the Heart of Re’Mars/Amenemhet seemingly appeasing Re.

Sesostris I (also Senusret) (Moon)

  • ‘The Soul (ka) of Re comes into Being.’The Moon glowing red mimicking the sun.

Amenemhet II (Mars)

  • ‘Golden is the Kas (doubles) of Re.’Unlike the Red Sun, the planetary monarchy periodically appeared as golden orbs, especially during the New Kingdom when the planets migrated sun side i.e. visible during the day. This being the very reason why a Golden Horus name was added to the royal titulary. I would suggest the use of ‘kas’ in the plural denotes Amenemhet/Mars appeared golden many times.

Amenemhet III (Mars)

  • ‘Belonging to (or upholding) the Justice of Re.’It was the role of all astral kings to vanquish the forces of evil and uphold justice of the eternal Sun. God kings were all depencers of divine justice through Re. It was believed without the pharaoh the whole universe would fall into chaos. This is because the god kings were constantly observed battling up countless tons of space debris (See; Pharaonic Battles), seemingly clearing the heavens for a safe passage to the afterlife in the parallel world above as a star (Upper Egypt).

Sesostris II (Moon)

  • ‘The Shining Manifestation of Re.’A physical description of a body shining like the Sun. How can a human being be a shining manifestation of the sun? Numerous kings adopted this ‘shining’ trait, pretty much as you would expect.

Sesostris III (Moon)

  • ‘Appearing/Shining like the Kas (doubles) of Re.’


  • ‘Protecting the Two Lands like Re.’As above, the two lands were heaven and earth. The red Sun was the perpetual guardian of the two lands. The ‘Sons of Re’ by their very location protected and unified Upper and Lower Egypt like Re.