Were ancient battles documented accounts of wars in the heavens?

The God King Scenario – a brief outline

The God King Scenario (GKS) puts forward the idea that planetary upheaval dominated the ancient world. The main perpetrators were Mars, Venus, Mercury and the Moon which entered into hundreds of catastrophic encounters with earth. These planetary orbs were named and renamed many times over as they appeared to move back and forth – morphing from large stars (Osirians) to incandescent red orbs (Horus incarnate) and back again (here lies the origin of the whole mummification process) in what was perceived as a continuous cycle of death and rebirth.

Their exaltation wasn’t that of Egypt’s sky gods such as Ra (Sun), Hathor (earth’s rings), Isis (ecliptic region), Osiris (star form), Horus (sky kingship) or Amun (aurora), etc., but divine kings and queens who reigned under the authority of these gods – who were, to the large part, deified phenomena no longer extant.

Their celestial titles and epithets reach us in the form of Egypt’s divine monarchy. For example, Ramesses the Great, Tutankhamun, and Akhenaten were just some of the names (they were actually titles with significant meaning) given to Mars. Thothmosis (Egypt’s Napoleon) and Horemheb were names given to the Moon, the body of which was largely Thoth incarnate.

Mercury (once the iron core of Mars) was initially born as a blinding golden ‘second sun’ called the Aten or “Disk of the Sun.” However, after a short cooling period, Mercury joined the divine royal bloodline of pharaonic kings and names given to Mercury include Setnakhte, Smendes, Psusennes and Seti, after the god of chaos Seth. Venus, a new planet in the process of cooling down, was mainly seen as a passive queen to the above warrior kings. Nefertiti, Nefertari, Hatshepsut and Cleopatra were some of the divine titles given to the incandescent red orbed ‘Comet Venus.’

Coexisting cultures had similar divine figures at the helm. For example, the Mesopotamian god king Naram-Sin held the title “King of the Four Quarters, King of the Universe.” I identify Naram-Sin with the body of the Moon (more on this later) whose primary name was Sin (Egyptian Thoth).

All divine figures from ancient times were first and foremost guises of planetary bodies that ‘lived and died’ to earth – they were in the second instance paired with humans – humans who, in direct reaction to the events of above, formed the natural belief that they were ‘at one’ or the earthly manifestation of said bodies – a belief system that lies at the very core of Egyptian religion, indeed most religions.

The dualism would go something like this.

The Egyptians believed that when they were born two exact forms of the same person were created, one human and a double or ka as the Egyptians called it. The ka was immortal and coexisted alongside the human form. After death a person would unite with its ‘twin’ and after an arduous journey (chaos in the heavens), the completed form would eventually be reborn (resurrected) as a star (akh) in the firmament above (Upper Egypt).

Dying was referred to as going to one’s ka.

The GKS contends that the ka (twin) was not an invisible spirit or soul as defined by our modern day interpretation but the aforementioned personified kingly planets, asteroids and comets that dominated ancient skies. It is these bodies that the Egyptians believed they would unite with after death, their doubles. The deceased were mummified in preparation for this elaborate transitional period – with the completed form ultimately resurrected in what was perceived to be a very real coexisting Egypt up above (Upper Egypt).

Tutankhamun Osiris embrace

Tutankhamun (centre) embraces Osiris (left). Behind Tut is his Ka, his astral doppelganger. The ka image is covered with a tripartite wig surmounted by the ka hieroglyph (two upraised arms).

It was, perhaps, not so much the man who was identified with Horus himself, but rather the ka of the pharaoh, which, created as the body’s twin, was an expression of the life force, rather than just an aspect of his person.

He (the king) is at the head of the kas of all the living, having appeared glorious as king of Upper and Lower Egypt (in) Upper and Lower Egypt.


The idea of a ‘soul’ (and union with one’s soul) permeates most religions today. Such beliefs are direct borrowings from earlier times when red orbed planetary bodies gave the appearance of traversing between heaven and earth (Upper & Lower Egypt).

Furthermore, these celestial ‘twins’ in the guise of god kings, divine queens and lesser dignitaries (royal court) are primarily responsible for ancient history (along with mythology) as it stands today and the chronological mess it’s in – confusion exacerbated as contemporary cultures named and renamed the same kingly ‘Horus’ bodies!

Their births, deaths, marriages, coronations are carved and painted on temple and tombs walls the length and breadth of the Nile Valley. These sacred events have little to do with events here on earth, apart from that is, ancient cultures recording them. This would include the notorious battles of the pharaohs, or to give them their true status, wars in the heavens.

Ancient battles – where’s the evidence?

The Egyptians fought hundreds of battles (skirmishes etc.), indeed you’d be forgiven for thinking that alongside their obsession with the next life, that’s all they did … continually fight. A warring nation would be an understatement – peace was not a virtue in ancient times. Battles are a favoured scene on the pylon gateways of temples as in the image below.

Pharaoh Seti I Chariot battles

Relief of the northern tower of the 3rd pylon of Karnak, showing the wars of Seti I

Fact: Even though numerous military expeditions were undertaken by the pharaohs over a 3,000 period archaeologists have been unable to verify ANY of the events recounted in Egyptian records. This is despite the fact that we know the location of many major battles. A prime example, and one I draw upon many times, would be Megiddo.

Megiddo (Greek name Armageddon)

Megiddo (northern Israel) is one of the most fabled and fought over pieces of real estates in the ancient world; at least 34 major battles are said to have taken place here, the majority involving the ancient Egyptians. The warrior god king Tuthmosis III is said to have undertaken eighteen consecutive campaigns alone (he apparently didn’t finish the job first time round). However, no corroboratory archaeological evidence exists to support any battles as ever having taken place at Megiddo. A fact confirmed by archaeologists who have been excavating in and around the site for over a hundred years now.

Ancient Battles god kingsTo put this into some kind of context: we have a patch of land where many hundreds of thousands of soldiers (combined numbers) engaged in bloody warfare – but unbelievably, there are no mutilated corpses, no bones or skeletal remains, no mass war graves honouring the ‘Killed in Action’ (the AE’s HAD to be mummified to stand any chance of an afterlife!). In addition to a dearth of broken chariot parts, axes, bows, arrows, etc, etc. An absurd situation given what’s supposed to have happened here.

We randomly find dinosaur bones dating back millions of years (some containing proteins dating back 196 million years) the world over and yet, digging at the known location of several major battles yields no supporting evidence. Since the ground doesn’t lie, it is apparent, there is something drastically wrong here. The same situation exists for ancient battles in general, they remain unsupported by the physical evidence. We have an abundance of written documentation but little in the way of CRIME SCENES! A fact largely ignored by archaeologists, historians, Egyptologists, catastrophists and chronologists alike. Why?

For those who may question the integrity of the excavation teams i.e., “there’re looking in the wrong place,” “they aren’t looking hard enough …” “it’s only a matter of time,” I would say this; the incentive for finding something is extremely high. Imagine for a moment the publicity should they find anything to physically confirm Thuthmose’s military campaigns or Ramesses’s II Battle of Kadesh said to have taken place at the city of Kadesh on the Orontes River (near the modern Syrian-Lebanese border). The fame, the fortune so to speak, if they were to unearth any evidence of battles or burials similar perhaps to the Chariot Burial recently discovered in the foothills of the Yorkshire Wolds in the UK. There would be no problem with funding as documentary filmmakers (such as Nat Geo, History Channel) would be climbing over each other for the screening rights.

I have written much about the complete lack of evidence for Egyptian battles with many references here (and in my books).

Ancient battles = wars in the heavens = Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB)

One of the main tenets of the GKS states that the majority of ancient battles were a time-ordered account of wars in the heavens – a time when warring planets, under the authority of a myriad of sky gods (long since disappeared), were seen as warrior god kings (GKS) named and renamed many times over as they fought to maintain ‘divine order’ in the heavens. This is why the written word doesn’t match the evidence in the ground. The battles were fought by the Horus kings above and not here on earth – it is cosmic chaos staring us in the face via ancient history.

In actuality, and taking the case of the Horus body Mars, what we have here is a once earth-like planet being systematically torn apart as it entered into hundreds of encounters with earth. Mars has convulsed and ejected immeasurable quantities of volatiles, dust and debris out into space. A good source of ‘battle’ debris would be the northern hemisphere of Mars which has been excavated to a depth of six kilometers (see Mars’ North Polar Basin) – and the many thousands of volcanoes which, although now extinct, are still visible on the surface of Mars today. As well as scattering asteroids, comets, dust and debris throughout the solar system Mars also catastrophically vacuumed or ‘battled’ up the very same debris – Mars has been incessantly pummelled over and over again by rocks and debris as to have all the planets.

The evidence for these cosmic wars comes to us via the period known as the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB).

About 4 to 3.8 billion years ago a period of intense comet and asteroid bombardment is thought to have peppered all the planets including the Earth. Many of the numerous craters found on the Moon and other bodies in the Solar System record this event.

The late heavy bombardment was the period between about 4.0 and 3.8 billion years ago when the Moon and other objects in the Solar System were pounded most heavily by wayward asteroids. The evidence of this pummeling is clear to see in the maria basins on the Moon and in similar structures elsewhere, such as the Caloris Basin on Mercury and the great craters in the southern hemisphere of Mars

Late heavy bombardment

The battle-scarred Heavy Bombarded Mercury

heavy bombardment epoch god king scenario

Battle-scarred far side of the Moon – the legacy of recent battles above

The LHB is the legacy of recent planetary upheaval in the solar system – absurd ‘billions of years’ cited by planetary scientists doesn’t even enter the equation. The Solar System was a chaotic shooting gallery during historical times. The Moon’s surface in particular was bombarded over and over again providing a layer of impact debris several kilometers thick (as it was captured by earth).

These cosmic battles were played out over 3,000 years, paralleling the historical record of fearless god kings fighting to maintain ‘divine order’ in the cosmos. It led to the very real belief that the universe could fall into chaos at any time, and the sun god Ra might just not rise again on the morn. In short, the LHB should be drastically realigned and merged with ancient historical battles as documented around the world.

With the above in mind let us now take a look at some of the imagery surrounding the celestial battles – more specifically how the LHB was represented.

Seti Karnak Battles pharaoh

A section of the North facade of the Hypostyle Hall at Karnak depicting Seti I returning with captives and leading chariot attacks on the Libyans. Credit Jon Bosworth

Seth was the god of the desert, storms, disorder, violence – the epitome of evil. The name Seti means “He of Seth.” I identify Seti as one of the many names given to the newly birthed Mercury (once the iron core of Mars) as it rampaged through the inner solar system causing untold destruction i.e., traits of the god Seth – but evil had to be appeased especially when in the form of a pharaonic body, hence the name “He of Seth,” Seti. As odd as it sounds, we have an incandescent god king invoking the traits of evil to fight evil.

Like a “Mighty Bull” (a common pharaonic epithet) Seti/Mercury appeared to fearlessly charge into vast celestial clouds of enemy debris. The wars seem to take place in the western skies above where the Libyan’s lived, so in an “as above, so below” situation, the enemy were naturally deemed as Libyans. Similarly eastern skies is where the Asiatics (Canaanites, Syrians) resided, whereas the southern skies were largely the domain of the Nubians – successive kingly orbs undertook numerous military campaigns to ‘foreign’ skies. Occasionally ‘Libyan’ Horus bodies were perceived as reigning over Egyptian skies leading to the Libyan rule of some 200 years as recorded in history. Other perceived foreign sky rulers would include the Hyksos (Asiatic rulers), Nubians, the Persians and the Greeks to name but a few.

Either way such scenes have nothing to with battles on earth as most seem to blindly accept. They represent certain episodes of the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB). In this particular case, we have an incandescent red orbed Mercury (appearing roughly the same size as the Red Sun, i.e. half a degree) remaining undefeated despite being pummelled over and over again. I would recommend renaming the LHB to the Recent Heavy Bombardment (RHB), because that is exactly what it is, recent.

Seti iconic Smiting Enemy

War in the heavens. The sky god Amun (auroral manifestations) handing the khopesh sword to the god king Seti/Mercury, a god among gods in the act in of smiting Egypt’s enemies.

The following sacred text (hieroglyphs) appears over a battle scene at Karnak and is a reference to Seti I’s war against the Hittites – it is clearly celestial in context. Since most renamed Horus bodies were perennially involved in conflict it is with no surprise that battle scenes belonging to other pharaohs have very similar accompanying text.

Horus: Mighty Bull, Shining in Thebes, Vivifier of the Two Lands, “King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands: Menmare; Son of Re: Seti-Merneptah; Good God, mighty in strength, brave like Montu, mightiest of the mighty, like him that begat him, illuminating the Two Lands like the horizon-god, great in strength like the son of Nut, victorious, the double Horus by his own hand, treading the battlefield like Seth,’ great in terror like Baal in the countries.

Favorite of the Two Goddesses, he was in the nest, for his might protected Egypt. Re made for him his boundary as far as the limits of that which Aton illuminates. Divine Hawk, bright of plumage, sailing the heavens like the majesty of Re; prowling Wolf circling this land within an hour; fierce-eyed Lion, tramping the inaccessible ways of every country; mighty Bull, ready-horned, mighty-hearted, smiting the Asiatics, beating down the Hittites slaying their chiefs, overthrown in their blood, charging among them like a tongue of fire, making them as that which is not.
Breasted Volume III p72

Thuthmosis Smiting Enemy celestial wars

Thutmose I, a guise of the Moon (“Born of Thoth”) in typical smiting pose as “He Brought the Ends of the Earth Under his Domain.” (Tombos Stela of Thutmose, link).

Similar ‘smiting scenes’ to the ones above can be found throughout the ancient world. They are also often referred to as the ‘God with the Upraised-Arm.’ (Link)

A section of battle text attributed to Tuthmosis. Again, clearly celestial.

I made the boundaries of Egypt as far as that which the sun encircles. I made strong those who were in fear; I repelled the evil from them. I made Egypt the superior of every land […] favorite of Amun, Son of Ra, of his body, his beloved Thutmose (I), Shining like Ra, beloved of Osiris, First of the Westerners; Great God, lord of Abydos, ruler of eternity; given life, stability, satisfaction, and health, while shining as King upon the Horus-throne of the living; and joy of his heart, together with his ka, like Ra, forever.
Breasted Vol 2 p40

Contemporaneous cultures with the same ruling kingly bodies recorded the same battles but from slightly different viewpoints. The kings were of course given different names by different cultures but the events recorded (when seen) were essentially the same. Such a proposition requires catastrophists, historians and chronologists to seek out alter-egos i.e., historical figures who were known by different names but were in fact the same individuals – or as I propose, first and foremost, guises of the same astral bodies.

The notion of alter egos is nothing new, many hold to the idea of ancient doppelgangers. Catastrophist Velikovsky for example, claimed that Rameses II’s battle with the Hittites at Kadesh is identical to Necho’s fight against Nebuchadrezzar II at Carchemish. He also identified the Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut with the Biblical Queen of Sheba, the land of Punt with Solomon’s kingdom, and Pharaoh Thutmose III with the Biblical King Shishak (ref). Was Velikovsky correct? Maybe; he was certainly on the right track. However, such claims need to be re-evaluated with my sky associations in mind.

As can be appreciated, synchronising ancient celestial events by means of the written word is a daunting, if not impossible task – but if the GKS is to progress this has to be the way forward. I have some tentative suggestions, many inspired by Velikovsky’s (and other revisionists) alter ego methodology. One ‘pairing’ worthy of mention and one that sits well with the GKS battles is that of Tuthmosis with the Akkadian god king Naram-Sin (not sure who first proposed it).

Tuthmosis and Naram-Sin were one and the same!

Both names given to the warrior moon as it began to viciously battle its way into orbit around the earth circa 1500 BC. (conventional chronology). There is much to support such a stance (too much to go into detail here) not least the similarity in their names and warring traits. For example, Tuthmosis means “Born of Thoth,” while Naram-Sin, means “Beloved of Sin.” So here both god kings are closely linked with their respective moon gods (Thoth and Sin) which would be the actual body of the moon (remember, sub-named and renamed many times over as divine-like kings). They also share similar ‘sky’ epithets which alludes to their dominion over earth. For example Naram-Sin was “King of the Four Quarters of the Earth,” while Tuthmosis “… Brought the ends of the Earth into his Domain” – this being consistent with, or at least analogous to, the physical movements of the Moon across the sky today.

Being one and the same means that the documented exploits of Tuthmosis and Naram-Sin were essentially drawn from the same source … events in the heavens, notably planetary wars. With that in mind, what I am suggesting here is that the battle scene credited to Naram-Sin below documents the same battle as recorded by the Egyptians in honour of Tuthmosis/Moon in the image above. In other words, both battle scenes are an account of one of the many phases of the Recent Heavy Bombardment (RHB). In this particular case, the incessant bombardment of the moon as it fell under the gravitational spell of earth. The same scenario applies to the majority of ancient wars – coexisting cultures recorded the same events in the heavens and any variations would be down to different viewpoints, something that is to be expected.

The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

Naram Suen Akkadian warrior god king

The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, king of Akkad). He led his army “where no other king had gone before him.”

The standard definition is that the pink limestone stele depicts the king Naram-Sin of Akkad leading the Akkadian army to victory over the mountain people, the Lullubi – a terrestrial war or so it is thought. The GKS sees things differently. It represents just one of the many battles fought by the recently captured moon in the guise of god kings. The Akkadians called it Naram-Sin, to the Egyptians it was the warrior king Tuthmosis (either one). Both god-like figures, as they were by their very location, intermediaries between heaven and earth.

Both Egyptian and Mesopotamian cultures show their rulers much larger than ordinary people around them because they were principally guises of the much larger planetary bodies – asteroids and cometary bodies comprised the smaller ‘ordinary’ rank and file of the army, or as in so many cases, the enemy as they catastrophically ploughed into the astral kings.

Being larger bodies the kings always won of course. They were often “raging bulls” charging fearlessly into the enemy, hence Naram-Sin is shown wearing a bull-horned helmet, a symbol traditionally the privilege of the gods. Horus pharaohs in continuing the ‘bull’ theme were depicted wearing a bull’s tail hanging from the back of their kilts in addition to holding the common titles “Strong Bull,” “Mighty Bull,” and “Bull of Horus.” Another reason for the exaltation of bulls (and cows) would be down to how the kingly orbs were physically seen to adorn ‘bull horns’ and cometary tails as the solar wind slammed into their surface – as portrayed in the image below (see also Comet Venus). Sacred animals such as bulls, cows, rams, falcons (Horus), scarab beetles, Hippos, etc., were all drawn from the chaotic world above.

Egyptian bull of heaven

A solar system littered with dust and debris gave rise to the illusion of mountains, mounds, rivers, lakes, rills, channels, fields, etc. So the mountain that Naram-moon ascends could be one of these. However, a more likely candidate would be Zodiacal Light; a triangular defuse glow rising from the horizon after sunset or before sunrise. Often described as a mound or column, Naram-moon was probably seen to fight his way to the top of this celestial mountain many times (to attain divine status). Indeed, since the Zodiacal light is a phenomenon associated with the ecliptic (the apparent path of the planets and sun across the sky), many bodies were seen in the vicinity of the ecliptic mound (an aspect of the Egyptian god Atum).
The ‘two suns’ above the mountain are interesting inasmuch as they represent nothing observed in the skies today … nothing! My guess is one represents the sun (Shamash), the other, possibly Venus (a manifestation of the goddess Ishtar but not Ishtar per sa). Two almost identical suns as Venus glowed red with heat due to its recent birth from Jupiter, while our sun also shone in a similar fashion due to dust and debris which had the effect of hazing the sun red (an analogy, a red sun at sunset. See Red Sun).

Since the moon was also molten hot only a few millennia ago, an alternative would be that the solar disks represent the sun and the moon – Shamash and Sin (Naram). This would make sense as the carving was created at the centre of the Sun God Cult in Sippar. Supporting this would be the fact that the pharaoh Tuthmosis/moon was said to “Shine like Ra” (see Thuthmose’s epithet above). A third suggestion would be Venus and the moon (Queen of Sheba & king Solomon). Either way, one thing is for sure, incandescent orbs and not stars are being represented here. Further research is required.

Continued on page 2

The God King Scenario