Ra (Re) – The Red Sun God (gks 6)

Where are the sunrays?

Having considered colour, we will now consider the Sun’s rays. We know that the Sun has rays of light streaming from it, so why didn’t the Egyptians paint a few simple lines around the Sun to represent this glaring light? If we consider the skill required to produce certain intricate hieroglyphs, carvings and paintings, a disk with rays would have been effortless by comparison.

Ra Sun DeityIn the title ‘sa-re’ (son of Re), the duck glyph (son) took longer to carve than a disk with rays. What of the hieroglyphic texts which represented an owl, a crocodile, a bee or a boat with sails? All required expertise, time and patience whereas a novice could have carved a circle with rays. The Aten from the Amarna period was clearly shown with partial rays emanating downwards, this, provides clear evidence that the Egyptians were able to depict a disk with sunrays.

Many tomb ceilings were decorated with rows of five-pointed stars. Here the Egyptians depicted exactly what they saw with the five points representing the twinkling of the stars. It therefore seems strange that they did not show rays of light emanating from the Sun.

Why did the Egyptians depict the Sun in such a bizarre fashion? I believe there is a perfectly logical explanation which has been missed due to its simplicity.

The Egyptians portrayed the Sun as a red disk because it only ever appeared as a red disk!

Planetary chaos and a solar system besieged with space debris

The GKS proposes a 3,000 year period of planetary chaos from 5,200 (3,200 BC) years ago to around the birth of Christ (Pharaonic Egypt).

Sun God BarqueIt makes sense to suppose that 3,000 years of chaos would have produced trillions of tons of space debris made up of comets, asteroids, gigantic boulders, icebergs, fine grains of sand, frozen water droplets, dust and gasses. This debris scattered throughout the solar system to form a gargantuan, universal ‘cosmic cloud’ along the ecliptic plane, the flat disk on which the sun and the planets lie (today!) The sun was a spinning star cocooned in a pea-soup of haze and gasses as a gigantic flat pancake shaped disk of debris formed stretching out from the sun and beyond the outer planets Jupiter, Saturn and possibly even as far out as Uranus and Neptune.

This ‘ecliptic haze’ was constantly fed by ongoing planetary chaos primarily involving the planets Jupiter, Mars and Venus. Jupiter, churning out countless tons of debris for several millennia after its initial ‘eruption,’ while Mars and Venus, in entering into repeated encounters with earth also subsequently scattering countless tons of debris throughout the ecliptic.

A natural sequential order of things saw masses upon masses of the ecliptic debris Ra Baboon Boatstidally drawn in towards the planets forming gigantic ring systems around their equatorial regions. This would include Earth; our planet also developed one enormous band of debris around its girth. Forming shortly after the birth of chaos and remaining for at least 3,000 years it was constantly fed by ongoing chaos. The ecliptic haze and Earth’s ring of debris were presided over by many deities, Ptah, Isis and Hathor to name just three. I refer you to GKS 2 for further information on just how such phenomenon was deified.

In order to keep this simple we have a solar system besieged by incalculable quantities of dust, gas and debris especially the space between the Earth and the Sun. The distance here is approximately 93 million miles, so from the perspective of earth, to observe the sun is to gaze though 93 millions miles of ‘haze.’ This, as you would expect, had a profound effect on the appearance of the sun, especially when combined with earth ring of debris – it hazed the Sun and turned it red for an incredible 3,000 years!

Solar Barque SunSeti Horus RaThe ancient Egyptians portrayed the Sun as a red disk simply because it appeared as a red disk. Huge amounts of dust and debris around the Sun and the Earth, as well as dust in the Earth’s atmosphere, distorted the image of the Sun and transformed it from a blinding golden disk to a red disk. The Egyptians did not inhabit a bizarre world of make believe and strange practices where the Sun’s true colour was ignored. They lived in a real world of cosmic chaos where the Sun appeared as a red disk and was portrayed accordingly. The Sun rose in the east as a red disk, traversed the heavens as a red disk and set in the west as a red disk (chaos permitting). This is the reason for the absence of yellow suns with sunrays in ancient times, such a Sun did not exist. Cosmic chaos ensured our ancestors never experienced a blinding golden Sun as we do today; they experienced a veiled red-Sun. That, along with the fact the planets in chaos appeared as red disks, is why the red disk dominated Egyptian art for 3,000 years.

Sunset analogy

As mentioned above, the red colour of the rising and setting Sun today is due to the atmosphere that its rays pass through before reaching our eyes. Our thick, impurity-laden lower atmosphere only allows the red tones to pass through and the Sun therefore takes on a distinctly reddish hue. The same principle turned the Sun red in ancient times, only our forebears were not merely looking at the Sun through Earth’s dusty atmosphere. They were also gazing through a hazy band of debris and a wall of rubble, dust and gasses some 93 million miles thick.


Winged Sun DiskI believe a red Sun existed from the birth of pharonic Egypt, the birth of cosmic chaos some 5,000 years ago. Therefore historical man never experienced a glaring golden Sun. As we find a golden Sun perfectly normal, a hazed red Sun to ancient cultures was also normal. Even when cosmic chaos entered periods of relative calm and Earth’s ring of debris (See Hathor GKS 2) began to dissipate, there were still tons of dust and debris orbiting between the earth and the sun, this continuing to mask the sun red.

Horus Afterlife SunRe’s most common symbol, a red disk, was therefore the true representation of the Sun in ancient times. It can be found in every corner of pharonic Egypt because it is a ‘sacred’ representation of the Sun exactly as it appeared in the heavens 4,000 years ago. Only when the divine planetary gods retreated back to the heavens did the Sun’s true golden brilliance begin to burst through. This true golden appearance neatly coinciding with the introduction of golden mummies, death masks, and golden coffins during the Greco-Roman period (please remember, excluding Tutankhamun and the whole golden Amarna period). Many would aspire to be eternal like the emerging golden sun.

The clean-up in the heavens and the emergence of the true colour of the Sun was a slow process. The gods left the Moon behind to speed up the process of clearing Earth’s ring while Venus, Mercury and the Sun itself would ultimately clear the way for a golden glaring sun replete with sun rays.

Implications of a Red Sun

The Sun Ra

The implications of a red Sun are far reaching, profound and incredibly exciting! Just as we can look at a red sunset today, ancient cultures could look directly at the Sun throughout the day as there was no blinding glare. They could watch the Sun god Re as he journeyed across the heavens in his celestial ‘boat of millions of years’ without any fear of being blinded. This led to incredible observations of solar phenomena we have only recently discovered. I am referring to phenomena such as solar flares, prominences, coronal mass ejections (CME’s) and sun-spots – these were all clearly observed with the naked eye and were either represented or deified in one way or another. For example, you will note many Egyptian Sun’s are dressed with a thin yellow ring around the circumference. Again, the Egyptians portrayed exactly what was observed here. The yellow ring represents the incredibly active corona which is a million degrees hotter than the interior of the sun. From an earthly perspective this shone brighter than the actual body of the sun, it appeared as a thin yellow ring as portrayed. This is subject for future discussion but for now and in keeping with pictorial evidence I would like to support the ‘Red Sun’ by taking a look at the attire worn by the Egyptians.

Update: Nov 19, 2010. Solar phenomena (coronal discharges) such as flares, CMEs and prominences were clearly observed and deified in the cobra goddess Wadjet as demonstrated here.