Ra (Re) – The Red Sun God (gks 6)

Excluding the Amarna period

Akhenaten Nefertiti AtenWhen discussing the Egyptians depiction of the red Sun, I would like to point out that I am excluding the Amarna period. This was the revolutionary episode in Egyptian history when the ‘heretic’ pharaoh Akhenaten left Thebes to form a new capital in Middle Egypt for the worship of the Aten, the ‘disk of the Sun.’ This is not because this was an age of yellow suns with rays. On the contrary, there were numerous red disks from this period which the Egyptians called the Aten and which scholars have erroneously assumed were aspects of the Sun. Shown slightly larger than normal, the Aten had one distinct trait that separated it from the millions of red suns before and after the Amarna period – it was shown with sunrays. They were not normal rays because they did not sweep around the circumference of the disk but protruded from the lower half only. Nevertheless, the Amarna period was the only time in Egyptian history when a ‘sun’ was depicted with rays (see images)

The Aten MercuryHowever, I am not excluding the Amarna period because of the existence of sunrays. I am excluding it because the Aten had nothing to do with the Sun! This whole epoch of approximately 17 years was a time when the combined gravitational forces of Earth and Venus sucked out the core of Mars which became the planet Mercury. The evidence for the genesis of Mercury is still visible today in the form of the Valles Marineris. An enormous scar on the surface of Mars with a length approximately the same diameter as Mercury. Surely this is no coincidence! Planetary scientists do actually theorise that Mercury was once the solid core of a planet – in a head-on collision the outer layers of a planet were blasted off leaving behind its core or as we call it Mercury. I would also add that Mars at some time in the past once held a magnetic field but for reasons yet to be explained, it stopped working. This is because its ‘dynamo’ was catastrophically sucked out to become the planet Mercury, the first ‘rock’ from the Sun.

This biblical event occurred in the skies above Earth and was witnessed by all ancient cultures. The Egyptians initially called Mercury the Aten – and so the Aten was Mercury. It was never a renamed sun and to suggest such a thing is totally incorrect.

Akhenaten Worship AtenAncient cultures do not suddenly decide to rename one of their most important creator deities. Re was never the Aten. The Aten was portrayed as a large red disk with partial rays because that is exactly how Mercury appeared. It was a totally separate body to the Sun. In fact, the Sun was blotted out for at least 17 years because of the light from Mercury. As it cooled down, Mercury joined the royal bloodline of astral god-kings. Even the golden Aten on the back of Tutankhamun’s (Mars) throne was an image of the recently born Mercury of the first millennium BC.

Tutankhamun Golden ThroneAn interesting point regarding the Amarna period comes to us via way the Aten is reproduced; many TV documentaries, books and web sites depict the Aten and its rays as yellow. And yet the reliefs at Amarna clearly show traces of red paint (see images), in fact, there are hundreds of red Aten’s at Amarna. My question is, why not show it as is – as the Egyptian’s coloured it, a red disk with red rays? Perhaps the producers struggled to accept a red Sun because their subconscious told them it must be yellow. Or, perhaps they take their lead from the ‘rare’ golden Aten on the back of Tutankhamun throne. I say ‘rare’ because this is probably the only golden Aten (with sunrays) to be found and I’m not so sure this wasn’t at some time in the past painted RED. Take a close look at the back of Tutankhamun’s throne, here traces of what looks like red paint can be seen, although I hasten to add, this could just be a case of ‘pink gold.’ Further research is required here and I will be adding a piece on the Aten/Mercury as and when time permits.

I mention this because the ‘transforming’ of red suns to yellow suns (computer generated or otherwise) is a practice carried out by documentary producers from other periods of Egyptian history. Again, why distort the evidence in this way? Why not tell it as it is? If the ‘Sun’ reliefs show traces of red paint then paint it red!

Goddess Isis EclipticWhen I said the sun is always depicted as a red disk this isn’t strictly true. You will, if you search long and hard enough find a proportionally small number of yellow disks, the occasional blue or even a rare white disk. This has to be understood in the context of the GKS which contends many of these disks are representations of the planets in chaos, this of course, including the ubiquitous red disk (Mars, the red god of war). This especially so where we find a disk surmounted by cow horns crowned on many of Egypt’s gods such as the nurturing goddesses’ Isis and Hathor. In other words, given that the GKS contends that many disks visited Earth in ancient times, all were related but not all were the sun.

The underlying fact is, the red disk dominates Egyptian art and I challenge anybody to find a golden yellow sun with a complete set of 360 degree sunrays – a sun as we would portray it, if none are found the question has to be why?

Could the red Sun derive from observations of the Sun at sunrise or sunset?

‘Red is also a colour given to the Sun, red at its rising and its setting.’ (touregypt)

Horus Solar GodThe Sun occasionally appears red on the horizon due to the disfiguring refraction caused by the layering of the air. At sunset, light travels through more of the atmosphere and appears to the observer as if the transmitted light from the Sun has an intense red hue, hence a red Sun.

To propose that the Egyptians depicted the Sun as a red disk because it occasionally appears red at sunrise and sunset is a ridiculous assumption. Why? Because if the ubiquitous red disk represents the Sun at sunset then we should expect to find an amount of corresponding yellow disks to represent the Sun during the day. Furthermore, as the Sun only occasionally appears red on the horizon, the percentage of yellow suns should far outweigh any red suns. There should be millions of yellow suns and less proportional red suns, but ancient Egyptian art is dominated by the red disk.

Yellow paint?

Sun God EgyptianDid the Egyptian palette contain yellow paint? Yes it did – yellow ochre was readily available and was used regularly by the Egyptians. There were many reliefs where yellow paint was used as well as the occasional yellow disk. For example, in ‘The Art of Ancient Egypt’ by Gay Robins, on page 173 there is a facsimile painting of a scene from the chapel of Isis in the Osiris complex. It shows King Seti I (Mercury) offering a platter of food to the seated figure of the goddess Isis. This mothering goddess is normally depicted crowned with a large red disk surmounted with black cow’s horns. However, in this scene Isis is unusually shown with yellow flesh and a flat-topped yellow crown with white cow’s horns and a large yellow disk. If this yellow disk represented the Sun, it is clear evidence that the Egyptians not only used yellow paint but also had the ability to paint a yellow Sun. Therefore all disks that represented the Sun should have been coloured yellow. Yet this scene also contains hieroglyphic red suns and numerous images of cobras, each one crowned with a red disk. What are we to make of this?

Gold – the flesh of the gods

Ra Sun GodThe situation becomes increasingly bizarre when we consider the precious metal gold which was regarded as the flesh of the gods. It was closely associated with the Sun as the following quotes highlight:

“With decorations in gold leaf or yellow paint to represent gold, which both form the flesh of the gods and as a colour had a close association with the sun god.” (Robins, quoting on the gold funerary mask of an elite woman, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 2000, p 146)

“Because of its warm glow and indestructibility, gold was thought to be the flesh of the Sun god Ra and contained supernatural powers.” (Discovery Channel, Age of Gold, 2004)

“The colour yellow was often associated with the sun-disk and with gold, or nbw. Gold was not only associated with the Sun, it was also the flesh of the gods.” (touregypt).

If gold was the flesh of the gods, and if this originated with our golden Sun, why didn’t the Egyptians paint the Sun yellow? More importantly, why haven’t scholars questioned this irregularity? It seems strange to ignore the golden flesh of the original creator god in favour of red flesh. It could even be argued that the Egyptians were contradicting themselves.

“Khenet, or yellow, was symbolic of all that is eternal and imperishable.” (ibid)

Ra Sun GodThe Sun is eternal and imperishable; it rises and sets with ceaseless regularity and remains imperishable at the centre of the solar system. It has traversed our skies for billions of years; it was present at the birth of pharonic Egypt and at the end some 3,000 years later. As the Egyptians believed that yellow was symbolic of all that was eternal and imperishable, they would have used this divine colour to paint the Sun. Yet Egyptian images do not tally with their sacred words and there is no connection between gold flesh and the colour of the Sun. Is there any way we can reconcile such apparent contradictions?